Exploring ‘Lantern Stories’ 2022 in Boston’s Chinatown

19, Sep, 2022

Lantern Stories celebrates the past, present, and future of Boston’s vibrant Chinatown community. 

Lanterns represent light and guide the way forward, illuminating darkness and uncertainty. From their beginnings as candle flames surrounded by bamboo, silk or paper, lanterns have become an integral part of celebrations that foster hope and pave the way to a brighter future. Featuring colors important to Asian and Asian American cultures, the lanterns symbolize happiness and good fortune (red) and prosperity (gold).

Originally created as a series of thirty-one lanterns in 2020, artist Yu-Wen Wu returned to Lantern Stories in 2022, updating the artwork to reflect the realities of the current moment, while still centering Boston Chinatown’s history of immigration, its culture, and resiliency. The images on the lanterns relate the long and fraught history of Chinese immigration in the United States. From early arrivals during the California Goldrush in the 1850’s, to the unprecedented events of the past few years, the lanterns share visual stories of how Asian Americans have confronted inequities on multiple levels. Other lantern images celebrate culture, art, calligraphy, music and performance, as well as the community’s strong commitment to education, entrepreneurship, and social justice. 

Through the creation and inclusion of 5 new lanterns featuring the work of Boston and San Francisco-based artists, Lantern Stories’ expands its focus beyond Boston’s Chinatown to explore the impact of Asian American communities nationally, particularly around areas of civil rights.

For Lantern Stories 2022, Yu-Wen Wu created new imagery for three of her previous lanterns: Lions, Stop Asian Hate, and Exclusion Act. In addition, nominated artists from Boston and San Francisco lent their artwork to the creation of five brand new lanterns, yielding works from Yuko Okabe (Boston), kathy wu (Boston), and Christine Wong Yap (SF); Fred Liang (Boston), Lucy Kim (Boston), and Summer Mei Ling Lee (SF); Joanna Tam (Boston) and Lenora Lee (SF); Ponnapa Prakkamakul (Boston) and Cathy Lu (SF); and Phillip Hua (SF) and Wen-ti Tsen (Boston). She hopes to create more collaborations between Chinatown communities in other cities with additional lanterns in the future.

With the re-installation of Lantern Stories 2022 in Boston as well as a new iteration of the project in San Francisco, Wu’s work generates unique opportunities for bicoastal dialogue on immigration histories, social justice issues, and the exchange of these communities’ stories and the arts.

 

《燈籠故事》慶祝波士頓充滿活力的唐人街社區。

燈籠代表著光明,指引著前進的道路,照亮周圍的黑暗。從燭光被竹、絲綢或紙包圍這個微不足道的開端起,燈籠已成為慶祝活動不可或缺的一部分。這些慶祝活動寄予希望,並為更美好的未來鋪平道路。燈籠主體顏色包括紅色和金色,在亞洲文化中代表幸福和吉祥。

在2020年,藝術家吳育雯為《燈籠故事》創作了31盞燈籠,以闡明波士頓的移民歷史、文化和韌性。 燈籠上的圖案反映了華人移民在美國漫長而艱辛的歷史。從1850年代加州淘金潮的早期移民,到現在前所未有的時刻,燈籠圖案敘述新移民和本地亞美社群歷來對抗社會多層面上的不平等待遇。其他燈籠則慶祝唐人街社區的文化、藝術、書法、音樂和表演,以及社區對教育、企業家精神和社會公義的堅定承諾。

《燈籠故事 2022》新增了5盞燈籠,圖案並包括了幾位波士頓和舊金山藝術家的作品,主要探索全國亞美社區歷來爭取民權的影響。這些藝術家包括 Yuko Okabe(波士頓)、Kathy Wu(波士頓)和 Christine Wong Yap(舊金山); Fred Liang(波士頓)、Lucy Kim(波士頓)和 Summer Mei Ling Lee(舊金山); Joanna Tam(波士頓)和 Lenora Lee(舊金山); Ponnapa Prakkamakul(波士頓)和 Cathy Lu(舊金山); Phillip Hua (SF) 和 Wen-ti Tsen (波士頓)。 吳亦為3盞燈籠更新了圖案,加入了新設計的獅子、停止反亞仇恨、和排華法案的圖像。吳希望日後能與其他城市的華人社區合作,增加燈籠。

隨著 《燈籠故事 2022》於波士頓和舊金山展出,吳的作品為兩岸有關移民歷史、社會公義及兩個社區的故事和藝術製造了獨特的對話和交流機會。

HISTORY / 歷史

  • From the ancient Silk Road (est. first century BCE) to the first trade ships launched in 1405 exchanging goods between locations such as India, the Middle East and East Africa, China has long been a champion of foreign trade. The historical ship pictured here is Taeping, the clipper ship (a fast-speed merchant sailing vessel carrying cargoes of tea) which was victorious in the Great Tea Race of 1866 from China to London. It was the ship Pallas which arrived in Baltimore, MD in 1785 that carried the earliest documented Chinese immigrants to the United States. Afterwards, Chinese immigration saw mid-century fluxes with the advent of the California Gold Rush in 1848 and with the passage of the Burlingame Treaty in 1868, which permitted Chinese and Europeans alike to immigrate between their country of origin. As a result, an estimated 322,000 Chinese workers arrived between 1850-1882.

    從古老的絲綢之路(建於公元前一世紀)到1405年首艘貿易船與印度、中東和東非等地交易貨物,中國一直是對外貿易的大國。圖中的歷史船隻是Taeping號。它是一艘飛剪船(一種載有茶葉的快速商船),在1866年中國到倫敦的大茶賽中取得了勝利。Pallas號於1785年抵達馬里蘭州的巴爾的摩,該船載有最早有記錄的中國移民到美國。此後,中國移民見證了世紀中期的變化。1848年加利福尼亞淘金熱的到來以及1868年《蒲安臣条约》的簽訂使中國人和歐洲人一樣可以移民。這致使約322,000名中國工人在1850-1882年之間到達美國。

  • This series of images centers on Chinese miners who are shown carrying yokes, rockers, pickaxes, and shovels. These men, solitary sojourners, were the first people of China to immigrate to the United States in large numbers. They came for the purpose of mining gold during the California Gold Rush (1848-1855) amid China’s economic and political instability at the time, but were met with much hostility upon arrival. Those who stayed after the Gold Rush were hired to work on the Pacific portion of the Transcontinental Railroad (see map on lantern). The construction would not have been completed in 1849 if it were not for the labor of an estimated 20,000 Chinese workers, who toiled tirelessly in dangerous conditions for five years and made 30-50% lower wages than white railroad workers.

    這一系列圖案的重點是中國礦工,他們帶著軛架、搖桿、鎬子和鏟子。這些人是獨居者,是中國第一批大量移民美國的人。當時中國經濟和政治不穩定,他們來是爲了在加利福尼亞淘金熱期間(1848-1855年)開採黃金,但在抵達時遭到了很大的敵意。在淘金熱之後留下來的人在橫貫大陸鐵路的太平洋地區工作(參見燈籠上的地圖)。如果沒有約20,000名中國工人的勞動,該工程將無法在1849年完工。他們在危險的條件下辛勤勞作了5年,工資比白人鐵路工人低30%至50%。

  • Amid the 1850’s Gold Rush and scarce job market, American settlers felt threatened by the incoming Chinese labor force and made many attempts to prevent their settlement. Most famously, the 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act indefinitely banned immigration from China. To this day, it is the only U.S. law ever implemented to ban the immigration of a specific ethnic/national group. The Chinese Exclusion Act was repealed in 1943, reopening immigration and permitting new Chinese settlers to apply for citizenship. Such systematic acts of racism, coupled with personal and daily struggles with sinophobia, drove Chinese-Americans to build their own “ethnic enclaves,” or Chinatowns, across the country.

    Pictured in the central portrait is Wong Kim Ark, a young Chinese-American man born in San Francisco. When he visited family in China and was denied re-entry into the U.S. upon his return, he took on the Supreme Court in what would become the landmark 1898 case United States v. Wong Kim Ark. The outcome of this case cemented birthright citizenship for the children of legal immigrants.

    Inspired by the 1960s civil rights movement, the 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act passed in order to discourage discrimination against Asian immigration, reunite immigrant families, and attract skilled labor to the United States. This Act would have a significant impact on the future demographic makeup of the American population, which prior to the act’s passage was monitored by ethnic quotas enforced by the National Origins Formula.

    在1850年的淘金熱和工作稀缺的就業市場中,美國定居者感到即將到來的中國勞動力的威脅,並進行了許多嘗試來阻止他們的定居。最著名的是,1882年的《排華法案》無限期禁止中國移民。時至今日,這是美國唯一實施過的禁止特定種族/國籍移民的法律。該法於1943年廢除,重新開放了移民並允許中國定居者申請公民身份。這種系統性的種族主義行為,再加上與反華者的個人和日常鬥爭,驅使華裔美國人在全國范圍內建立自己的“民族飛地”或唐人街。

    在照片中央的這位是黃金德,一位出生於三藩市的年輕華裔男子。因為一次到中國探親後返美時被美國拒絕入境的緣故,他便上訴挑戰美國最高法院。這個事件就成為了歷史性的1898年美國訴黃金德案。這個案件的判決鞏固了合法移民的子女的出生公民權。

    受20世紀60年代民權運動的啟發,1965年《移民和國籍法》通過,目的是阻止對亞洲移民的歧視,使移民家庭團聚並吸引技術工人到美國。該法案對美國人口的未來構成產生重大影響。此法案通過之前,人口受《国家起源法案》強制執行的種族配額所監控。

     

  • Following the Transcontinental Railroad’s completion, many Chinese immigrants moved East in search of work and of solace from the rising sinophobia pervading California and the West. In 1870 in North Adams, MA—a major center for early American industry—The Sampson Shoe Factory employed the earliest known cohort of Massachusetts-based Chinese immigrants. They were hired by Calvin T. Sampson in order to quell a massive labor strike led by his former workers (mostly Irish and Canadian immigrants), who were very hostile toward the  Chinese workers.  Increasingly excluded from jobs in the manufacturing and construction industries, most of the Chinese opened laundries in the rapidly industrializing towns and cities around Massachusetts and the New England area. It is many of these workers who founded  what has become Boston’s Chinatown.

    橫貫大陸鐵路建成後,遍及加利福尼亞和西部的反華日益加劇,許多華裔移民向東遷移,以尋找工作和尋求慰藉。1870年,桑普森製鞋廠在馬薩諸塞州北亞當斯市(美國早期工業的主要中心)僱用了已知最早的馬薩諸塞州華裔移民。他們被加爾文·桑普森聘用,以平息由他之前的工人(主要是愛爾蘭和加拿大移民)所領導的大規模勞工罷工。這些罷工者對中國工人非常敵視。越來越多的中國人被排除在製造業和建築業的工作崗位之外,他們在馬薩諸塞州和新英格蘭地區快速工業化的城鎮中開設了洗衣店。這些洗衣工中的許多人創立了後來的波士頓唐人街。

  • Chinatown’s three-to-four story row houses hold dual significance. On one hand, they are the admirable structures that once housed the pioneering Chinese working class along with other immigrants. On the other, they have become a symbol of one of the most drastic acts of Chinatown’s destruction and subsequent gentrification. The 1962 expansion of the Massachusetts Turnpike reduced many of these homes to rubble, displacing thousands of families (including Syrian immigrants) to the outskirts of town and destroying half of the total residential Chinatown neighborhood. This particular row house, sourced from a photograph dating to approximately 1963, was located at 116 Hudson Street.

    唐人街的三至四層樓高的排屋具有雙重意義。 一方面,它們是令人欽佩的建築,曾為開創性的中國工人階級和其他移民提供住所。另一方面,它們已成為損毀唐人街最激烈的行為之一及隨後的中產階級化的象徵。1962年,馬薩諸塞州收費公路的擴建使許多排屋淪為廢墟,使成千上萬的家庭(包括敘利亞移民)流離到城鎮郊區,並摧毀了一半的唐人街住宅區。 這座排屋位於哈德遜街116號,其照片可追溯至1963年左右。

ACTIVISM / 行動主義

  • This two-tier lantern highlights Boston Chinatown’s history of displacement and protest. The bottom lantern memorializes the 700 Hudson Street homes demolished in the 1950s West End urban renewal project, causing the displacement of 2,700 Chinese and other immigrant families to outskirt areas. Also demolished was the Scollay Square red-light district, causing its residents to relocate in-and-around the neighboring district of Chinatown. Later in 1974, the city of Boston designated this new concentration of adult entertainment as its official red-light district: the Combat Zone.  All the while expanding into Chinatown, the Combat Zone saw increasing sex work, drug use, and crime into the 1980s, limiting the housing and business opportunities of Chinatown’s immigrant population and attracting unwelcome visitors to the formerly family neighborhood. Pictured in the top lantern are Chinatown residents in the 1980s engaging in peaceful protests to halt the Combat Zone’s encroachment and drive out the sex trade from their longtime home. 

    Displacement remains a major issue in the gentrification of modern day Chinatown, causing financial and health stresses, identity challenges, and decreased access to resources. In a contrasting moment of triumph, the bottom lantern’s center photograph shows Governor Herter signing a Chinatown-led petition to reroute the 1954 Central Artery highway project to Chinatown’s perimeter (rather than through its center), effectively saving the Chinese Merchants Association (pictured) and other community institutions from demolition. Since Chinatown’s early days, organizations such as the Chinese Progressive Association, Asian Community Development Corporation, and Boston Chinatown Neighborhood Center have stepped up to fight for immigrant and workers rights, affordable housing, and resident priorities.

    這個雙層燈籠突出了波士頓唐人街人們流離失所和抗議活動的歷史。底部的燈籠紀念了在二十世紀五十年代西端城市更新項目中拆除的700戶哈德遜街上的房屋,使2700名華裔和其他移民家庭流離至郊區。 斯科利廣場的紅燈區也被拆除,導致其居民遷移至唐人街及其附近的地區。1974年晚些時候,波士頓市將這個新的成人娛樂場所聚集地指定為官方紅燈區:戰鬥區。在進入唐人街的同時,到80年代,戰鬥區的性工作、吸毒和犯罪活動不斷增加,限制了唐人街移民人口的住房和商業機會,並吸引了不受歡迎的訪問者來到以前的家庭住宅區。圖中最上面的燈籠是二十世紀八十年代的唐人街居民進行和平抗議,以製止戰鬥區的入侵,並將性交易從他們的住宅區中驅逐出去。

    流離失所仍然是當今唐人街中產階級化的一個主要問題,造成了財務和健康壓力、身份挑戰以及資源獲取的減少。 在與眾不同的勝利時刻,底部燈籠的中央照片顯示,赫特州長簽署了由唐人街主導的請願書,將1954年中央動脈高速公路項目改道至唐人街周邊(而不是通過其中心),有效地拯救了安良工商會(如圖)和 其他社區機構免於拆遷。自唐人街成立以來,華人前進會、亞美社區發展協會和波士頓華埠社區中心等組織已加緊努力,爭取移民和工人權利、經濟適用房和居民優先事項。

  • The Asian-American community have been active participants in civil rights and social justice protests throughout the 1900s to the current moment. The term “Chinese virus” is the latest brand of xenophobia and sinophobia arising from the COVID-19 pandemic, prompted by the misconception that individuals of Asian (and especially Chinese) descent are more likely to carry and spread the virus due to its early detection in China. “Fight the Virus, Not the People” is a protest cry and attempt to dispel the resulting harassment, prejudice, and violence for Asian individuals of every descent, and to divert such negative hyper-visibility toward productive means of combating the virus.

    Also pictured is Russell Jeung, co-founder of the Stop AAPI Hate coalition launched in March 2020 as a means to track and respond to incidents of hate, violence, harassment, and discrimination against Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders in the United States.

    Between March 2020 and March 2022, more than 11,400 hate incidents against Asian Americans have been reported in the US. This lantern seeks to honor the memory of many individuals who have fallen victim to violent hate crimes over the last few years, including: the six Asian American women murdered in the 2021 Atlanta spa shootings; Christina Yuna Lee; Xiao Zhen Xie, Ngoc Pham, and other Asian American elders attacked; and countless others.

    Similar tragedies and insufficient acquittals/charges have necessitated the sustained momentum of today’s Black Lives Matter movement. From the civil rights movement of the 1960s to the present day, the Asian-American community stands in solidarity with their Black sisters and brothers.

    在整個二十世紀至今,亞裔美國人社區一直是公民權利和社會正義抗議活動的積極參與者。“中國病毒”一詞是新冠疫情期間出現的排外主義和反華主義的最新代表,這是由於人們誤認為亞洲人(尤其是華人)的後裔更容易攜帶和傳播這種病毒,因爲該病毒早期發現於中國。 “與病毒戰鬥,而不是與人戰鬥”(如圖)是抗議者的呼聲,試圖消除由此帶來的對每個亞洲血統的人的騷擾、偏見和暴力,並將這種負面的過度監控轉移到積極探尋抗病毒的方法上。

    在照片裏面的另一人是張華耀,他是停止反亞裔仇恨聯盟(Stop AAPI Hate)的聯合創始人。停止反亞裔仇恨聯盟創立於2020年3月,旨在追踪和回應針對亞裔何太平洋島民的仇恨、暴力、騷擾和歧視事件。在 2020年3月至 2022年3月期間,在美國有超過 11,400針對亞裔美國人的仇恨事件被申報。 這個燈籠希望能紀念過去幾年遭受暴力仇恨犯罪的人,包括六名在2021年亞特蘭大按摩院槍擊案中被謀殺的亞裔女性、Christina Yuna Lee、 謝蕭珍和Ngoc Pham等被襲擊的亞裔長者和無數的其他人。

    類似的悲劇和不足的無罪釋放/指控使今天的“黑人的命也是命”運動保持了持續的勢頭。從二十世紀六十年代的民權運動到今天,亞裔美國人社區與他們的黑人姐妹和兄弟們站在一起。

ENTREPRENEURSHIP / 企業家精神

  • Chinese-American restaurants established a reputation for their hospitality and delicious cuisine at inexpensive prices. To attract non-Asian clientele, they marketed themselves with a combination of traditional Chinese appeal, modern Western style and increasingly sweet, mildly-spiced, and deep-fried dishes to suit American palates. Chop Suey joints (a Chinese-American invention that translates to “Odds & Ends”) were a particularly popular destination among young urbanites. The Boston-based Ruby Foo’s Den (pictured) was one of the earliest Chinese and woman-owned restaurants in the country, and the top favorite among non-Chinese customers in the 1930s, including American celebrities. Cathay House (pictured) advertised itself as “the talk of the town for excellent Chinese food.” With today’s diverse palates and globalized cuisines, authentic Chinese as well as Asian Fusion cuisine are thriving. Also pictured are Chinese mooncakes, a culturally-specific  delicacy usually eaten on the occasion of the Mid-Autumn Festival in October.

    在美中餐館因其熱情好客和價格低廉的美味佳餚而享有盛譽。為了吸引非亞裔客戶,他們結合了中國傳統風味、現代西方風格以及日益變甜、略微使用香料和油炸的菜餚,以適應美國口味。雜碎(一種華裔美國人的發明,翻譯為“零碎食物”)在年輕都市人中特別流行。開在波士頓的Ruby Foo的飯店(右圖)是美國最早的中餐廳和女性所有的餐廳之一,也是二十世紀三十年代非華裔顧客(包括美國名人)最喜歡的餐館。國泰之家(左圖第三幅)自稱為“中餐美食的話題”。隨著當今多樣化的口味和全球化的美食,正宗的中國菜以及亞洲風味菜正在蓬勃發展。圖上還展示了中國月餅,這是一種具有文化特色的美味佳餚,通常在十月的中秋佳節時食用。

  • Amid a slim and discriminatory job market, the early male Chinese immigrants arriving in the 1850s found their most dependable enclave in the laundry industry. By the early 20th century, hundreds of Chinese-owned laundries lined  the streets of Boston and its suburbs. Once wives and children began immigrating to the U.S. (increasingly after 1924), laundry establishments became operated by entire families—including their rambunctious children pictured here. Featured in the center portrait is Toy Len Goon, owner of Woodfords Corner Laundry in Portland, Maine. She was the double recipient of the Maine and broader American Mother-of-the-Year awards in 1952 due to her ability to operate her laundry for over thirty years while single-handedly raising eight children.

    在一個狹窄而充滿歧視的就業市場中,早在十九世紀五十年代到達的男性華人移民在洗衣業中找到了最可靠的飛地。到20世紀初,波士頓及其郊區的街道兩旁已經有數百家華裔擁有的洗衣店。一旦妻子和孩子開始移民到美國(1924年以後越來越多),洗衣店就由整個家庭經營,包括這裡照片中精力旺盛的孩子。中央肖像中的人物是Toy Len Goon,他是緬因州波特蘭市Woodfords Corner洗衣店的所有者。由於她有能力經營洗衣店超過三十年,同時可以獨自撫養八個孩子,因此在1952年同時獲得了緬因州和泛美國的年度母親獎。

  • Chinatown grocery stores such as Quong Wah Lung & Co. (left image)—one of the earliest and  longest-operating Chinese-owned businesses in Boston—and Chong Lung Kee store (right image) operated on multiple fronts. As food markets, they sold food products such as fish, vegetables, tea, and basic household goods. As apothecaries, they sold herbal ingredients for traditional Chinese herbal medicine. Last, these establishments also served as community information centers and as credit unions for sending money overseas. In the left image, Wei Sun Wong of Quong Wah Lung & Co. measures herbs for a prescription using a Chinese scale. 

    唐人街雜貨店如Quong Wah Lung & Co.(左圖)是波士頓最早,經營時間最長的華人企業之一和Chong Lung Kee商店(右圖)在多個領域都有所經營:作為食品市場,他們出售食品,例如魚、蔬菜、茶和基本家庭用品; 作爲藥劑師出售中藥的草藥,充當社區信息中心,以及作為向海外匯款的信用合作社。 在左圖中,Quong Wah Lung&Co.的Wei Sun Wong使用中國秤來抓藥。

  • Rather than newspapers, the fastest and most effective means of spreading news and engagement among the earliest settlers of Chinatown was through street-accessible bulletin boards. Divided into different sections by organizations and subject matter, these listings included job openings, cultural events, items for sale, and other resources for Chinatown residents. During wartime, the bulletin also served as a resource to learn about news from China first-hand. Boston’s major Chinese bulletin board was located at the corner of Oxford and Beach Streets. It was dismantled in 1991 and replaced by increasingly popular Chinese language newspapers. In the rightmost images, You-Ming Wong and his son Jeffrey of the Shanghai Printing Company on Oxford Street are depicted with a wall of 7,000 metal moveable type of Chinese characters used in typesetting in letter presses which was the only printing technology available at the time prior to Chinese typewriters.

    在唐人街最早的定居者中傳播新聞和進行互動的最快、最有效的方法是通過街道上的公告板,而不是報紙。這些内容按組織和主題劃分為不同的部分,其中包括職位空缺、文化活動、待售物品以及給唐人街居民的其他資源。在戰時,該公告還充當了直接了解中國新聞的渠道。波士頓的主要中文公告欄位於牛津街和必珠街的拐角處。它在1991年被拆除,並被越來越受歡迎的中文報紙所取代。在最右邊的圖像中,描繪了位於牛津街上海印刷公司的Henry Wong和他的兒子Jeffrey,還有牆上的7,000個金屬活字。它們用於活字印刷機的排版,是當時中文打字機出現之前唯一印刷技術。

PEOPLE (LIFE) / 人物(生命)

  • Beginning in the late 19th century, Chinatown shared its neighborhood with Boston’s garment and textile industry. Its success depended largely on the skilled, woman Chinese workers it employed, the bulk of whom immigrated to the U.S. in the wake of WWII and with the passage of the 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act. As a result of these women’s roles as professional stitchers, sewing was a foundational skill taught to every young Chinatown girl.

    In general, women were afforded more leadership roles and independence within Chinese-American society as opposed to traditional Chinese society, forming coalitions such as the New England Chinese Women’s New Life Movement Association. The coalition was founded upon the principles of propriety, righteousness, honesty, and honor, which were put into practice through community engagement and fundraising efforts for their home country, such as financially aiding China’s fight in the Sino-Japanese War (1894-95). An exceptional moment of woman leadership is embodied by Rose Lok (center portrait in second lantern), who is thought  to be the first ever Chinese woman pilot. Lok may have been inspired by Amelia Earheart, who worked a neighborhood away in Boston’s South Cove at Denison House (a woman-run settlement house) and flew on the weekends before she became the well-known aviator.

    從19世紀末開始,唐人街與波士頓的服裝和紡織工業共享其社區。它的成功在很大程度上取決於其僱用的隨著第二次世界大戰移民美國的大部分熟練中國女工,以及1965年《移民和國籍法》的通過。 由於這些婦女擔任職業縫線師的角色,縫製是每位唐人街年輕女孩都掌握的一項基本技能。

    總的來說,與傳統的中國社會相比,華裔婦女在華裔美國人社會中獲得了更多的領導職位和獨立性,形成了新英格蘭華人婦女新生活運動協會等聯盟。該聯盟建立在禮節、公義、誠實和榮譽原則的基礎上,這些原則是通過社區參與和為祖國籌款而付諸實踐的,例如在經濟上協助中國抗日戰爭(1894-95)。Rose Lok(第二盞燈籠的中央肖像)體現了女性領導的非凡時刻,她被認為是有史以來的第一位華裔女性飛行員。Lok可能受到了Amelia Earheart的啟發。Amelia Earheart曾在離唐人街不遠的波士頓南灣丹尼森之家(一個由婦女經營的安置所)工作,並在成為著名飛行員之前常在周末飛行。

  • Education remains an important focus of the Chinese culture and of Chinese-American immigrants. Still operating today, The Josiah Quincy School (est. 1847) was the first ever U.S. school with graded classrooms (separated by grade level) and individual seats for its students. Most students attending Josiah Quincy were either of Syrian or of Chinese descent—in fact, “Chinatown” was previously known as  “Little Syria” or “Syriatown” due to its high population of Syrian immigrants. Josiah Quincy’s 1942 third grade class is pictured in the upper left, while the long photograph below captures the Kwong Kow Chinese School’s 1931 graduation ceremony. Established by the Chinese Merchants Association in 1916, the Kwong Kow School uniquely prioritized the Chinese language and culture in the education of its youth. Also pictured is  oracle bone script: the earliest known form of Chinese writing (dating to 1200 BC) and an important tool  in  understanding the development of the Chinese language. Other imagery includes  two symbolic Chinese plants: bamboo as a symbol of youth, strength, longevity, achievement, and as one of the earliest writing surfaces, and the lotus as a symbol of learning and education. 

    教育仍然是中國文化和華裔移民的重點。至今仍在運營的昆士學校(建於1847年)是美國第一所擁有分級教室(按年級劃分)並為學生提供單獨座位的學校。在昆士上學的大多數學生是敘利亞裔或華裔—實際上,“唐人街”以前因敘利亞移民人口眾多而被稱為“小敘利亞”或“敘利亞鎮”。左上圖是昆士小學1942年的三年級學生,下圖的長照片記錄了1931年中華廣教學校的畢業典禮。中華廣教學校由安良工商會於1916年建立,在其青少年教育中將中國語言和文化放在首位。圖上還描繪了甲骨文:最早的中文書寫形式(可追溯到公元前1200年),並且是理解中文發展的重要工具。其他意像還包括兩種​​象徵性的中國植物:竹子是青春、力量、長壽、成就的象徵,是最早的書寫表面之一;蓮花是學習和教育的象徵。

    Oracle bone script / 甲骨文:

    (from left) 馬/马 “horse”, 虎 “tiger”, 豕 shĭ “swine”, 犬 quǎn “dog”, 鼠 shǔ “rat and mouse”, 象 xiàng “elephant”, 豸 zhì “beasts of prey”, 龜/龟 guī “turtle”, 爿 qiáng “low table” (now 床 chuáng), 為/为 wèi “to lead”(now “do” or “for”)

    (左起) 馬/马 , 虎 , 豕 shĭ, 犬 quǎn, 鼠 shǔ, 象 xiàng, 豸 zhì, 龜/龟 guī , 爿 qiáng “矮桌” (現為床 chuáng), 為/为 wèi “領導”(現為”做”或”對於”)

  • The historic Hudson Street tenement row houses lodged a tight knit community of families. Children played with each other in the streets and knew each other by their names and nicknames. Formerly a society of mostly men (the U.S. deliberately enacted policies that forbid the immigration of wives and families), Chinatown became a family town after the 1943 repeal of the 1882 Exclusion Act and after WWII. The War Brides Acts of 1945 and 1946—initially intended to help the European wives and girlfriends of American G.I.’s enter the U.S.—unintentionally benefited the wives of Chinese-American soldiers. Children born from these family reunions in the mid-40’s would become  the first well-educated, bilingual, bicultural, and professional generation of Chinese-Americans. Greatly influenced by the 1960s Black Power and Civil Rights movements on college campuses, these children would also  become the founders of Boston Chinatown’s social justice and arts organizations, such as CPA, AARW, ACDC, and BCNC. BCNC was originally founded by Quincy school teachers, who first saw the need for family daycare and other services. Family and community values are the reason for Chinatown’s ongoing intergenerational support. 

    歷史悠久的哈德遜街排屋安置了緊密的家庭社區。孩子們在街上玩耍,知道彼此的名字和暱稱。唐人街以前是一個以男人為主的社會(美國故意制定禁止妻子和家庭移民的政策),在1943年廢除了1882年的《排他法》和第二次世界大戰之後,唐人街變成了以家庭爲主的鎮。1945年和1946年的《戰爭新娘法》最初旨在幫助美國士兵的歐洲妻子和女友進入美國,但無意中使華裔士兵的妻子受益。從40年代中期這些團聚家庭出生的孩子成為第一批受過良好教育、雙語、雙文化和專業的華裔美國人。這些孩子在60年代大學校園內的黑人權力和民權運動的影響下,也成為波士頓唐人街社會正義和藝術組織的創始人​​,例如CPA、AARW、ACDC和BCNC。 BCNC最初由昆士學校的老師創立,他們首先看到了家庭日托和其他服務的需求。家庭和社區價值觀是唐人街持續提供代際支持的原因。

  • Chinese festivals typically revolve around the lunisolar (rather than lunar) calendar, in which months begin on the day of the new moon, and years on the second or third new moon after the winter solstice. New Year’s Day in China, therefore, celebrates the start of Spring and is known most commonly as the Spring Festival. Other popular traditional Chinese festivals include the Mid-Autumn Festival and the Lantern Festival (February 8th: the last day of the Chinese year), among many more. This lantern also celebrates the 2,000 year old Chinese art of shadow puppetry. Puppets constructed from paper or leather are maneuvered behind an illuminated piece of transparent cloth to create dancing shadows, accompanied by music and singing. Filmed by Yu-Wen Wu, the silhouette in the center image is that of performer and artistic director Lenora Lee, extracted from a still frame of one of her dance movements.

    中國的節日通常圍繞陰陽曆(而不是陰曆)進行,月從新月開始第一天,年從冬至之後的第二或第三個新月開始。因此,中國的新年慶祝春天的到來,通常被稱為春節。其他受歡迎的傳統中國節日包括中秋節和元宵節(2月8日:農曆新年的最後一天)等。這盞燈籠還慶祝了有2000年歷史的中國皮影戲藝術。在一塊光照下的透明布後面操縱用紙或皮革製成的木偶,以產生跳舞的影子,並伴以音樂和歌唱。 由吳育雯攝製,中心圖像中是舞者和藝術總監Lenora Lee的剪影,摘自她舞蹈動作的一幀靜止畫面。

  • The lion is a frequent animal subject in Chinese myths and is a symbol of power, wisdom, and promise. Traditional Chinese lion dances are performed during the Chinese New Year Festival (or Spring Festival) and other occasions to pray for good fortune and prosperity for the coming year and to deflect the interference of evil spirits. The dance is influenced by martial arts and performed in a wide variety of styles (depending on the region of China) by two dancers per lion costume, accompanied by a raging rhythm of drums, cymbals, and gongs. On the occasion of the coronavirus pandemic, these lions wear masks to show their commitment to the safety and health of both themselves and others.

    獅子是中國神話中經常出現的動物題材,是力量、智慧和諾言的象徵。在農曆新年(或春節)期間和其他場合進行傳統的舞獅表演,以祈求來年的吉祥和繁榮,並轉移邪靈的干擾。舞蹈受到武術的影響,表演風格各異(取決於不同中國地域)。每位獅子戲服需要兩名舞者,舞獅通常伴隨著鼓、鈸和鑼的激烈節奏。 由於新冠疫情爆發,這些獅子戴著口罩以表明他們對自己和他人的安全與健康的承諾。

ARTS / 藝術

    • Calligraphy /書法

      The art of calligraphy is an important part of chinese culture and education. It translates literally to “beautiful writing” and historically was considered the ultimate form of artistic expression above painting and sculpture. Contributing to the lanterns are three Boston-based calligraphers: Maurice Chi, Peter Ng, and Mike Mei.

      書法藝術是中國文化教育的重要組成部分。它從字面上翻譯為“美麗的書寫”,在歷史上被認為是凌駕於繪畫和雕塑之上的藝術表達的最終形式。為燈籠的做出貢獻的是三位波士頓書法家:Maurice Chi,Peter Ng和Mike Mei。

    • Maurice Chi

      This is a classic poem from “Quiet Night Thinking” by Tang Dynasty romantic poet, Li Bai (701-762 AD).  This poem is about the feeling of missing one’s hometown on a quiet, moonlit night. Here, Chi writes in the style of seal script (stylized, simplified pictures that symbolize objects), which was used as long as 10,000 years ago. The character for “moon,” for example, is symbolized by the top-center crescent shape. These pictograms are the building blocks for the more complex and contemporary Chinese characters. 

      這是唐代詩人李白(公元701-762年)的經典詩作《靜夜思》。這首詩講述的是一種在寂靜月夜想念家鄉的感覺。在這裡,Chi使用篆書(風格化、簡化的圖像來象徵物體)書寫,該字體早在10,000年前就被人使用。例如,“月”的字符由頂部中央的新月形符號表示。這些象形圖是更複雜的、現代的漢字的基礎。

    • Maurice Chi

      This saying is from a Qing dynasty verse. The bamboo in the accompanying ink painting represents the qualities of moral integrity, resistance, and loyalty.

      出自清朝書籍。隨附的水墨畫中的竹子代表了正直、抵抗和忠誠的特質。

    • Peter Ng

      In this calligraphy piece, Ng writes in a contemporary style of calligraphy. Incorporated is the traditional art of Chinese papercut (pictured in red), creating astonishingly intricate cuts that relate tales of folklore and daily life.

      Ng在這幅書法作品中以現代風格書寫。結合了中國傳統剪紙藝術(以紅色顯示),創作了與民間傳說和日常生活相關的極其復雜剪紙作品。

       

    • Mike Mei

      Behind the calligraphy, the plum blossom is a symbol for resilience and perseverance in the face of adversity. 

      在書法的背後,梅花是面對逆境時的韌性和毅力的象徵。

  • Inspired by traditional Chinese paper cuts, this drawing by Yu-Wen Wu displays the twelve animals of the Chinese Zodiac: the Rat, Ox, Tiger, Rabbit, Dragon, Snake, Horse, Sheep, Monkey, Rooster, Dog, and Pig. These animals are used to represent each of the twelve years in the Zodiac’s cycle and, depending on one’s birth year, are believed to inform one’s personality, fortune, and compatibility with others, among further traits. 

    The bordering medallions are represented by the character 福 (fu) and symbolize blessings. Additionally, the entwined plants of bamboo, lotus, chrysanthemum, pine tree, and peach all signify longevity, among other qualities: bamboo for suppleness, strength, endurance, and flexibility, the lotus flower for enlightenment, the chrysanthemum flower for intellect, cleansing, and curing, and the pine tree for steadfastness, self-discipline, endurance, and a long life.

    在中國傳統剪紙的啟發下,吳育雯的這幅畫展示了十二生肖:鼠、牛、虎、兔、龍、蛇、馬、羊、猴、雞、狗和豬。每十二年為一個生肖周期,這些動物分別代表其中的每一年。並且根據一個人的出生年份,生肖被認為可以傳達一個人的個性、財富以及與其他人的相處性,以及其他特徵。

    毗鄰的紀念章以福為代表,象徵著祝福。此外,竹子、蓮花、菊花、松樹和桃子交織在一起而成的植物都代表著長壽,以及其他品質:竹子具有靈活性、力量、耐力和柔韌性;蓮花具有啓迪性;菊花具有理智、清潔和治愈性;松樹具有堅固性、自律性、耐力和長壽命。

  • The story of the Chinese moon goddess Chang’e (嫦娥) is an important myth in the Chinese canon and is typically celebrated during the Mid-Autumn Festival. There are many versions of this legend. One version is that her husband and archer Hou-Yi, shot down nine suns in order to save the earth from being scorched. As a reward, he was given an immortality elixir by an immortal. Soon, an evil apprentice steals this elixir for Chang’e, who drinks it to become the spirit and goddess of the moon. She then flees to the moon and leaves her husband behind. A rabbit (pictured in the lower right) pities her and goes to the moon to keep her company and prepare more immortality elixirs for her. Back on earth, her husband leaves her favorite desserts and fruits out at night to demonstrate his forgiveness and symbolically provide her with his company. Those who celebrate the Mid-Autumn festival often partake in this same practice symbolizing the family reunion and appreciate the full moon.

    Many of the immigrants to Boston’s Chinatown are from the region of Guangdong (Canton province). Representing this region in the bottom left corner is a sampan (三板), a Cantonese term for a flat bottom sailboat translating to “three planks.” Sampans are used for shelter (both temporary and permanent) on inland waters of southern China and Southeast Asia. The Sampan is also the idea of  charting new courses.

    月亮女神嫦娥的故事是中國經典中的一個重要神話,通常在中秋節期間慶祝。此傳説有很多版本。一種版本是她的弓箭手丈夫後羿為了射下了九個太陽,以免地球被烤成一片焦土。作為獎勵,仙人給了他長生不老藥。不久,一個邪惡的學徒為嫦娥偷走了這長生不老藥,嫦娥喝下它,成為了月亮的靈魂和女神。然後,她逃到月球,把丈夫留在了身後。一隻兔子(右下圖)可憐她,並登上月球陪伴她,並為她準備了更多的長生不老藥。在地球上,她的丈夫在晚上把她喜歡的甜點和水果留在外面,以表達對他的寬恕並象徵性地為她提供陪伴。那些慶祝中秋節的人經常延續這個象徵家庭團圓和欣賞滿月的習俗。

    波士頓唐人街的許多移民來自廣東地區。代表這一區域的是左下角的三板。它是粵語中的平底帆船,翻譯為“三塊木板”。在中國南方和東南亞的內陸水域,三板用於提供庇護(臨時的和永久的)。三板也代表開拓新航向的理念。

  • Extracted from Yu-Wen Wu’s series of drawings “Mapping Stories,” pictured is a migration map charting the global migration patterns of 2018. Historically and now, America offers the opportunity for a new life for immigrants who flee from war, persecution, and economic hardships. “Streets paved in gold” (interpreted here materially here by strips of gold leaf) was a common metaphor for that dream in anticipation of arriving at a new place of promise.

    摘自吳育雯的“Mapping Stories”系列繪畫,圖為一張繪製了2018年全球移民格局的移民地圖。從歷史上到現在,美國為逃離戰爭、迫害和經濟困難的移民提供了新的生活機會。“黃金鋪成的街道”(在這裡由金葉實質性地解釋)是期望到達一個新的希望之地的普遍比喻。

    • In a Community Listening session hosted this past February as an open, public platform, Yu-Wen Wu and the Greenway Conservancy invited Chinatown residents, community leaders, organizations, and businesses to share such questions as their family’s history, the current issues facing Chinatown and what they hope for Chinatown moving forward.

      Below are some of the questions posed and a few of the answers from participants:

      在今年2月作為一個開放的公共平台舉辦的社區聆聽會議中,吳育雯和綠道保護協會邀請唐人街居民、社區領導人、組織和企業分享他們的家庭歷史、唐人街當前面臨的問題和他們對唐人街未來有什麽希望。

      以下是提出的部分問題和部分參與者的答案:

    • “Warmth, light, safety” / “溫暖、輕盈、安全”

      “Hope and Joy” / “希望與喜悅”

      “Light is being able to come out of dark, difficult, or hard times.” / “光能從黑暗、困難或艱難的時刻中擺脫出來。”

    • “Both sides of my family immigrated here decades ago from Guangdong. My parents met as teenagers in the Chinese immigrant community in Chinatown. I was born and raised in this Chinatown.”

      “幾十年前,我的家人都是從廣東移民到這裡的。我的父母在青少年時期於唐人街的華裔移民社區相遇。我在唐人街出生並長大。”

    • “Chinatown is a living, breathing piece of history.” 

      “唐人街是一段鮮活的歷史。”

      “It’s my hometown. I belong here. I am proud because I am the third generation…To me this is a very unique place that nurtured me.

      “這是我的家鄉。我屬於這裡。我很驕傲,因為我是第三代人……對我來說,這是一個非常獨特的地方,它孕育了我。

    • “I wish for balance & peace amidst & despite a turbulent world.” / “儘管世界動盪,但我希望在動蕩之中保持平衡與和平。”

      “I wish Chinatown remains and establishes itself as a permanent community/ neighborhood.”  /  “我希望唐人街能夠保留並建為一個永久性的社區/鄰里。”

      “People accepting each other’s different opinions/differences.” / “人們接受彼此的不同意見/分歧。”

      I (and my family) help develop social, economic, and medical organizations in Chinatown for the people. I want everyone to receive these benefits for generations to come.” / 我(和我的家人)在唐人街幫助人們建立社會、經濟和醫療組織。我希望每個人和他們的後代都能從此獲益。”

      Amy Chin Guen contributed her words of her vision for chinatown. Her daughter, Terry Guen wrote a brief history, History of Ming Mow Chin and Family, of the family’s immigration. This is one story of the hardship and resiliency of an immigrant family in Boston’s Chinatown.  

      Amy Chin Guen表達了她對唐人街的願景。她的女兒Terry Guen撰寫了有關家族移民的簡短歷史《History of Ming Mow Chin and Family》。這是關於波士頓唐人街一個移民家庭付出艱辛和展現韌勁的故事。

In the interest of creating bicoastal exchange between the arts scenes in Boston and SF Chinatowns, Yu-Wen Wu invited artists engaged in these communities to lend their artwork to the creation of five brand new lanterns, yielding works from Yuko Okabe (Boston), Kathy Wu (Boston), and Christine Wong Yap (SF);  Fred Liang (Boston), Lucy Kim (Boston), and Summer Mei Ling Lee (SF); Joanna Tam (Boston) and Lenora Lee (SF); Ponnapa Prakkamakul (Boston) and Cathy Lu (SF); and Phillip Hua (SF) and Wen-ti Tsen (Boston).

為了在波士頓和三藩市唐人街的藝術生態建立兩岸交流,吳育雯邀請了在這些社區互動的藝術家借出他們的作品去創作五個全新的燈籠。這些藝術家包括:Yuko Okabe(波士頓)、Kathy Wu(波士頓)和 Christine Wong Yap(三藩市); Fred Liang(波士頓)、Lucy Kim(波士頓)和 Summer Mei Ling Lee(三藩市); Joanna Tam(波士頓)和 Lenora Lee(三藩市); Ponnapa Prakkamakul(波士頓)和 Cathy Lu(三藩市); Phillip Hua (三藩市) 和 Wen-ti Tsen (波士頓)。

  • Yuko Okabe

    Community is a Garden – Mutual Aid

    2021

    Digital

    Yuko Okabe (she/they) is an illustrator and cultural worker playing at the intersection of youthful whimsy and community engagement. She received a BFA in Illustration from the Rhode Island School of Design. Previous fellowships include RISD’s Maharam STEAM Fellowship with the Boston Children’s Hospital, RISD’s Leadership and Community Engagement Fellowship with DownCity Design, Enterprise Community Partners Rose Fellowship with North Shore Community Development Coalition, the Walter Feldman Fellowship for Emerging Artists with Arts and Business Council of Boston, and the Association for Community Design Fellowship. 

    Yuko Okabe

    《社區是一個花園 – 互助》

    2021

    數位

    Yuko Okabe (她/ta) 是一位插畫家和文化工作者,在天馬行空和社區參與的交叉點上創作。她擁有羅德島設計學院(Rhode Island School of Design)的插圖學士學位,而曾獲得的獎助包括羅德島設計學院與波士頓兒童醫院的 Maharam STEAM獎助,羅德島設計學院和DownCity Design的社區參與獎助,Enterprise Community Partners 和 North Shore Community Development Coalition的Rose獎助,Arts and Business Council of Boston的Walter Feldman Fellowship for Emerging Artists獎助以及Association for Community Design的獎助。

     

    kathy wu

    Chinatown is Our Home (from “Community is a Garden”)

    2021

    Acrylic on Wood Panel

    kathy wu (she/they) is an interdisciplinary artist, designer, poet, and educator based between Rhode Island and Massachusetts. Her artwork is concerned with histories and present-day realities of displacement and resistance, and ways that image making and publishing can bring us in touch with those stories. She teaches creative computation and zine-making for young people, and also volunteers as a political educator with Asian American Resource Workshop.

    kathy wu

    《唐人街是我們的家》 (來自《社區是一個花園》)

    2021

    亞克力木板

    kathy wu (她/ta)是一位跨界藝術家、設計師、詩人和教育家,駐於羅德島和馬薩諸塞州兩地之間。 她的作品關注的是逼遷和抵抗的歷史和現況,以及圖像製作和出版能令我們接觸到這些故事的各種方式。 她現在教授年輕人創意編程和製作小誌,並在Asian American Resource Workshop擔任政治教育義工。

     

    Christine Wong Yap 葉黄嘉雯

    Alive & Present: Portsmouth Square Dancers

    2020

    Illustration

    Alive & Present: Portsmouth Square Dancers depicts a fan dancing troupe that practices in Portsmouth Square, San Francisco and regularly performs at community fairs and festivals.

    “Celebrated for her work in social practice and positive psychology, Bay Area-based artist Christine Wong Yap is known for deeply felt and thought-provoking textiles, publications, flags, billboards, and prints that utilize calligraphy and inclusive design to explore ideas around belonging and its relationship to mental health and well-being.” 

    —Todd Lerew

    Christine Wong Yap lives and works in the San Francisco Bay Area, after a decade of living in New York City. This year, she is exhibiting in Los Angeles and the San Francisco Bay Area, and creating a zine exchange between New York, Berlin, Tokyo, and Bangalore.

    Christine Wong Yap 葉黄嘉雯

    《活著與存在:朴茨茅斯廣場舞者》

    2020

    插畫

    《活著與存在:朴茨茅斯廣場舞者》描繪的是一個在三藩市朴茨茅斯廣場練習,並定期在社區市集和節日裡表演的扇舞團。

    「以她在社會實踐和正向心理學方面的工作為之著名,生活於灣區的藝術家 Christine Wong Yap 以她深切和發人深省的紡織品、出版、旗幟、廣告牌、利用書法和包容性設計來探索歸屬感,以及它與心理健康和福祉的關係的版畫而聞名。」

    —Todd Lerew

    Christine Wong Yap 葉黄嘉雯在紐約生活了十年後,現今生活和工作於三藩市灣區。今年,她的作品會在洛杉磯以及三藩市灣區中參展。她也正在紐約、柏林、東京和班加羅爾之間組織小誌交換。

  • Lucy Kim

    Melanin Test Print (Hannah #2)

    2021

    Melanin produced by live genetically modified E. coli cells on paper

    Lucy Kim is a Korean-American interdisciplinary artist working across painting, sculpture and microbiology. She is a recipient of the 2022 Creative Capital Award for her project printing images with bacteria that has been genetically-modified to produce melanin, the main bio-pigment behind human skin, hair, and eye color. In her hybrid works, she embraces material distortion as the key to understand and expand how we see what we see: the relationship between our evolved vision-centricity, constructed socio-cultural systems, and personal desires.

    Lucy Kim

    《黑色素試印 (Hannah #2)》

    2021

    由已基因改造的活大腸桿菌產生的黑色素在紙上

    Lucy Kim是一位韓裔跨界藝術家,創作領域橫跨繪畫、雕塑和微生物學。她的創作項目獲得了2022 Creative Capital獎。這個項目是透過用基因改造的細菌產生的黑色素來打印圖像。黑色素是人類皮膚、頭髮和眼睛顏色背後的主要生物色素。在她的跨界作品裡,她喜歡通過扭曲物質來理解和擴闊我們怎樣看待看得見的事物———探索以視覺為中心的這種進化、人為建構出來的社會文化系統以及個人慾望之間的關係。

     

    Summer Mei Ling Lee

    Here is Where We Meet

    2016

    Cyanotype, three layers of gauze, wood, paint.

    Summer Mei Ling Lee is based in San Francisco and Chicago and exhibits artwork here and abroad. Her work is found in private and museum collections. The layered cyanotypes in Here is Where We Meet are an attempt to bridge the distant geographic and emotional realities into the nearness of a repetitive forming and dissolution of the tableau vivant. The multiple layers of moving diaphanous fabric panels form an ambiguous, unsettled image that focuses on the themes of absence/presence, light/dark and the notion of “into the nearness of distance”, that is the more we strive to get closer to something, the further away we actually become from grasping full understanding. 

    Summer Mei Ling Lee

    《這裡是我們遇見的地方》

    2016

    藍曬,三層紗布,木,顏料。

    Summer Mei Ling Lee 駐於舊金山和芝加哥,在國內外均有展出作品, 而作品被私人藏家和博物館收藏。 《這裡是我們遇見的地方》中的分層藍曬試圖將遙遠的地域和情感現實,連接到接近的不斷重複形成和消散的活圖片(tableau vivant)中。 多層會移動的透明織物板塊構成一個含糊、不穩定的圖像,帶出缺席/在場、明/暗的主題和「距離的接近」的概念,意思是我們越努力接近某些東西 ,實際上越難真正充分的理解它。

     

    Fred Liang

    Axial Syncretism  

    2018

    Silkscreen, watercolor and papercut

    Passage

    2019

    Watercolor and cut paper

    Fred H. C. Liang received a BFA from the University of Manitoba, and an MFA from Yale University. His honors include Massachusetts Cultural Council Arts Grants in both painting, printmaking, and works on paper. Liang’s work is in numerous public and private collections, including Fidelity, the Gund Collection, Addison Museum of American Art, and the Rose Art Museum at Brandeis University.  He exhibited his work at the Inside Out Museum in Beijing, and the ICA, Boston. Liang’s most recent exhibitions include the Milwaukee Art Museum in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and Addison Museum of American Art in Massachusetts, XC.HuA Gallery in Berlin and Jerez de la Frontera Gallery at University of Cadiz.  He just completed a residency at the Museo de Arte Contemporary in Sandiago de Chile and the Swatch Art Peace Hotel in Shanghai, China.  His work was recently interviewed by Huffington Post, WBUR Open Studio and reviewed in The Boston Globe. He is the recipient of 2020 Joan Michell Foundation Grant.

    Fred Liang

    《軸向融合》

    2018

    絲網印刷、水彩和剪紙

    《通道》

    2019

    水彩和剪紙

    Fred H. C. Liang 擁有曼尼托巴大學的美術學士和耶魯大學的美術碩士。他的榮譽包括獲得馬薩諸塞州文化委員會繪畫、版畫和紙本作品方面的藝術資助。他的作品被眾多公共機構和私人藏家收藏,包括富達、the Gund Collection、Addison Museum of American Art和布蘭戴斯大學的Rose Art Museum。北京的 Inside Out 博物館和波士頓的 ICA 也有展出過他的作品。Liang最近的展覽包括威斯康星州密爾沃基的Milwaukee Art Museum、馬薩諸塞州的Addison Museum of American Art、柏林的 XC.HuA 畫廊和加的斯大學的Jerez de la Frontera畫廊。他剛剛在智利聖地亞哥的Museo de Arte Contemporary和中國上海的斯沃琪和平飯店藝術中心完成了藝術家駐留計畫。他的作品曾被《赫芬頓郵報》、WBUR Open Studio採訪,並得到《波士頓環球報》的評論。他是2020年Joan Michell Foundation資助的獲獎者。

  • Lenora Lee Dance

    Within These Walls

    2019

    Immersive Dance Performance at the U.S. Immigration Station, Angel Island State Park

    Image Credit: Dancer Chloe Luo, photo by Robbie Sweeny

    WITHIN THESE WALLS is an award-winning immersive, multimedia performance piece by Lenora Lee Dance inspired by experiences of those detained, interrogated, and processed at the U.S. Immigration Station, Angel Island State Park in San Francisco Bay. This U.S. Immigration Station is an International Site of Conscience, a site of remembrance transformed and animated as part of a community-wide commemoration of the 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act, speaking to the power of individuals and communities to transcend. 

    Lee in collaboration with filmmaker Tatsu Aoki will premiere the full-length WITHIN THESE WALLS experimental dance film in fall 2022. The WITHIN THESE WALLS performance piece is also being re-staged, with U.C. Berkeley students, for performances at Zellerbach Playhouse February 23-26, 2023 as part of Cal’s Berkeley Dance Project.

    Lenora Lee Dance (LLD) integrates contemporary dance, film, music, and research and has gained increasing attention for its sustained pursuit of issues related to immigration, incarceration, global conflict, and its impacts, particularly on women and families. The company creates works crafted for the proscenium, or underwater, or in the air, and at times are site-responsive, immersive and interactive. For the last 14 years LLD has been pushing the envelope of large-scale multimedia, and immersive dance performance that connects various styles of movement and music to culture, history

    Lenora Lee Dance

    《在這些牆內》

    2019

    在天使島州美國移民站的沉浸式舞蹈表演

    照片來源: 舞者Chloe Luo,Robbie Sweeny的照片

    《在這些牆內》是一個屢獲殊榮,由 Lenora Lee Dance 創作的沉浸式多媒體表演作品,靈感來自在三藩市灣區天使島州立公園美國移民站被拘留、審訊和處理的人的經歷。 這個美國移民站是一個國際良知遺址(International Site of Conscience),是社區為了紀念1882年排華法案而改造和活化了這個紀念場所,帶出個人和社區能夠超越困苦的力量。Lee 將與電影製作人 Tatsu Aoki 合作,於2022年秋季首映完整的 《在這些牆內》的實驗舞蹈電影。而作為加州大學柏克萊分校Berkeley Dance Project的一部分,《在這些牆內》的現場表演也將會與柏克萊的學生合作,於2023年2月23日至26日在 Zellerbach Playhouse演出。

    Lenora Lee Dance (LLD) 融合了當代舞蹈、電影、音樂和研究,而因為持續關注與移民、監禁、全球衝突和它的影響(尤其是對婦女和家庭的影響)相關的問題,而受到越來越多的關注。該公司為舞台、水下或空中創作作品,有時是回應場域的、沈浸式的和互動的。 在過去的 14 年裡,LLD一直在推動大型多媒體和沈浸式舞蹈表演的發展,將各風格的律動和音樂與文化、歷史聯繫起來。

     

    Joanna Tam

    Untitled (Alien Language)

    2022

    Digital Print

     

    Exclusion: 排斥

    Oath of Allegiance: 忠誠

    Alien: 外僑

    Hypervisible: 超顯眼

    Border: 邊境

    Longing for Home: 想家

    Yellow Peril: 黃禍

    Naturalization: 歸化

    Xenophobia: 仇外

    Foreign: 外國的

    Invisible: 看不見的

    Journey: 旅程

    Joanna Tam is a Hong Kong-born, Boston-based interdisciplinary artist. Using video, photography, performance, installation, and community engagement, her work examines the issues of migration, construction of national identity, the notion of home, and one’s connection to a place. Joanna’s work has been exhibited nationally and internationally. Her projects were awarded Best Art Film at the Aesthetica Short Film Festival in York, UK, and the People’s Choice Award and Third Prize at the Prix de la Photographie. She was also the recipient of the 2020 SMFA Traveling Fellowship.

    Joanna Tam

    《無題 (外星語言)》

    2022

    數位印刷

    Joanna Tam是一位香港出生,駐於波士頓的跨界藝術家。 透過影片、攝影、表演、裝置和社區參與,她的作品審視移民問題、國家認同的構建、家的概念,以及一個人與一個地方的聯繫。 Joanna的作品曾在國內和國際上展出。 她的作品獲得了英國約克Aesthetica Short Film Festival的最佳藝術電影獎,以及Prix de la Photographie的民選獎和三等獎。 她也是2020年塔夫茨大學美術館學校旅行獎助的得獎者。

  • Cathy Lu

    Girls Playing in Peach Garden

    2013

    Watercolor and ink on paper

    Girls Playing in Peach Garden is a reference to the traditional Chinese genre of art called “Boys Playing.” Traditionally, the genre depicts small boys playing in order to foreshadow their future successes as adults. In Chinese mythology, the Peach Garden is the garden where immortals lived. In Lu’s rendition, boys are replaced with girls to explore ideas of gendered play, depicting them in states of ecstacy and chaos within the garden space.

    Cathy Lu (b. Miami, FL) is a ceramics based artist that manipulates traditional Chinese art imagery and presentation as a way to deconstruct the assumptions we have about Chinese American identity and cultural authenticity. Unpacking how experiences of immigration, cultural hybridity, and cultural assimilation become part of American identity is central to her work. She received her MFA from the San Francisco Art Institute, and her BA & BFA from Tufts University. She was a 2019 Asian Cultural Council/ Beijing Contemporary Art Foundation Fellow. She currently teaches at California College of the Arts and Mills College.

    Cathy Lu

    《女孩們在桃園上玩耍》

    2013

    水彩和水墨在紙上

    《女孩們在桃園上玩耍》是引用「男孩玩耍」這個傳統中國藝術的流派。 在傳統裡,這個流派為了預示小男孩成年後的成功,會描繪小男孩玩耍。 在中國神話中,桃園是神仙居住的花園。 在Lu的演繹裡,為了探索性別化的玩耍這個想法,Lu以女孩取代男孩,描繪出她們在花園中狂喜和混亂的狀態。

    Cathy Lu (b. Miami, FL) 是一位做陶瓷為主的藝術家。她利用中國傳統藝術的意象和表現手法來解構我們對華裔身份和文化真實性的假設。她工作的核心包括揭示移民、文化混合和文化同化的經歷如何成為美國身份的一部分。 她在三藩市藝術學院獲得藝術碩士學位,在塔夫茨大學獲得藝術學士和學士學位。 她是2019年亞洲文化委員會/北京當代藝術基金的獲獎者。 她目前在加州藝術學院和米爾斯學院任教。

     

    Ponnapa Prakkamakul

    Mae

    2021

    Acrylic

    Mae is a site-specific mural on display at Mae Asian Eatery in Cambridge, MA (781 Main Street). It is inspired by the Thai mythology of Nāga, a half-human, half-serpent divine being, sometimes called water dragon. People living along the Mekong River believe that Nāga is the creator of the river and resides there to protect the landscape. The mural exhibits the agricultural landscape along the Mekong River that runs through the countries where the ingredients of the cuisines at Mae Asian Eatery originated from. The word Mae in Mekong means “Mother,” reflecting on how restaurant owner and chef Yuri Asawasittikit learned how to cook from her mother and inherited family recipes. This is to celebrate our roots, family stories, and history of the landscape where we came from, and how it reflects in what we do today. 

    Ponnapa Prakkamakul is a Thai visual artist and landscape architect based in Massachusetts. Her work overlaps between fine art and landscape design focusing on the relationship between human and the surrounding environment. Ponnapa holds a Master’s agree in Landscape Architecture with honors from the Rhode Island School of Design. She participated in the David Bethuel Jamieson Artist of Color Residency, Mount Auburn Cemetery Residency, Residence Lab’s program at ACDC and the Pao Arts Center. Her work has been featured in the Boston Globe, the Boston Herald, and the Provincetown Banner. She currently is a member at Kingston Gallery and a landscape architect at Sasaki.

    Ponnapa Prakkamakul

    《Mae》

    2021

    亞克力

    《Mae》是一幅在馬薩諸塞州劍橋市 Mae Asian Eatery (781 Main Street) 展出的特定場域的壁畫。 它的靈感來自泰國神話中的那伽(Nāga),一種半人半蛇的神靈,有時也被稱為水龍。 生活在湄公河沿岸的人們認為,那伽是河流的創造者,住在那裡保護景觀。 這幅壁畫展示了湄公河沿岸的農業景觀,貫穿Mae Asian Eatery用的食材起源的國家。 Mae 在湄公的意思是「母親」,反映了餐廳老闆兼廚師 Yuri Asawasittkit 如何從她母親身上學習烹飪並繼承了家庭食譜。 這是為了慶祝我們的根源、家庭故事和家鄉景觀的歷史,以及它如何反映在我們今天所做的事裡。

    Ponnapa Prakkamakul 是一位駐於馬薩諸塞州的泰國視覺藝術家和景觀設計師。她的作品重疊於美術和景觀設計之間,關注人和周圍環境之間的關係。 Ponnapa持有羅德島設計學院景觀建築的榮譽碩士學位。 她參加了 David Bethuel Jamieson Artist of Color的藝術家駐留計畫,Mount Auburn Cemetery的藝術家駐留計畫,亞美社區發展協會(ACDC) 和包氏藝術中心 (Pao Arts Center) 的「居民與藝術」(Residence Lab)項目。 她的作品曾在《波士頓環球報》、《波士頓先驅報》和《Provincetown Banner》展出。 她目前是Kingston畫廊和Sasaki的景觀設計師。

     

  • Phillip Hua

    Past/Future Tense #14

    2014

    Digital artwork

    Past/Future Tense #5 

    2010

    Digital artwork

    Phillip Hua is a mixed media artist living and working in San Francisco. His work has been featured in the San Francisco Chronicle, SF Weekly, 7×7 Magazine, Huffington Post, and California Home + Design Magazine among others. He has received public art commissions from BART, the San Francisco Public Utilities Commission, and the cities of Davis, Palo Alto, and San Antonio. He is currently working on the Steps to Wisdom, a public art stairway located in the Portola district of San Francisco.

    Phillip Hua

    《過去/未來式 #14》

    2014

    數位藝術品

    《過去/未來式 #5》

    2010

    數位藝術品

    Phillip Hua 是一位在三藩市生活和工作的混合媒體藝術家。 他的作品曾在《舊金山紀事報》、《舊金山周刊》、《7×7 雜誌》、《赫芬頓郵報》和《加州家居 + 設計》雜誌等雜誌上展出。 他收到來自 BART、三藩市公共事業委員會以及戴維斯、帕洛阿爾托和聖安東尼奧等城市的公共藝術委託。 他目前正在研究 《Steps to Wisdom》,一個位於三藩市Portola區的公共藝術樓梯。

     

    Wen-ti Tsen

    Home Town: Presenting History

    2016-ongoing

    Life-size wooden cutouts

    Home Town: Representing Now

    2016-ongoing

    Photography

    Featured on this lantern are two projects by Tsen that use archival photos of Boston’s Chinatown to create an intergenerational dialogue about its history and development. The first, a public art project called Home Town: Re-presenting Boston’s Chinatown as Place of People–Then and Now, takes “historical recreations” (life-size wooden cutouts) of photographs of historic Chinatown residents and displays them across Chinatown. The other is a photography series capturing current Chinatown residents against the backdrop of an archival photo of Chinatown’s Harrison Ave. Pictured here is Tunney Lee, the late architect, activist, MIT professor emeritus of urban planning, and beloved pillar of Boston’s Chinatown.

    Wen-ti Tsen is a painter and public artist born in China and based in Boston. Since the mid-1970s, he has been engaged in making art that explores cultural connections: with personal paintings and installations, large-scale public art sculptures, and working with communities to express social issues in various art forms. 

    Wen-ti Tsen

    《家鄉:呈現歷史》

    2016-進行中

    真人大小的木製剪紙

    《家鄉:代表現在》

    2016-進行中

    攝影

    這個燈籠上呈現的是 Tsen的兩個項目,這兩個項目都是使用波士頓唐人街的檔案照片來創建關於其歷史和發展的跨代對話。 第一個項目名為《家鄉:將波士頓的唐人街重新呈現為一個人構成的地方 —— 過去和現在》的公共藝術項目。它對歷史悠久的唐人街居民的照片進行「重現歷史」(真人大小的木製剪紙),並將它們展示在唐人街的各個地方。 另一個項目是一組攝影系列,用唐人街哈利臣街的檔案照片為背景,拍攝現在的唐人街居民。圖為已故建築師、社會運動家、麻省理工學院城市規劃榮譽退休教授和波士頓唐人街心愛的支柱Tunney Lee。

    Wen-ti Tsen 是一位出生於中國,現駐於波士頓的畫家和公共藝術家。 自 1970 年代中期以來,他一直投身於探索文化聯繫的藝術創作,包括以繪畫和裝置藝術、大型公共藝術雕塑,以及與社區合作然後以各種藝術形式去表達社會問題。